We’ve all heard that the laws of thermodynamics say that a machine cannot produce more energy than it runs on. But that is only true with closed systems. In 1977 a Nobel Prize was awarded for the discoveries of Open-System Thermodynamics, where environmental inputs can add to user inputs to produce super efficient systems. Therefore, we can and do have machines that can produce more energy than we have to supply, and no laws of physics are broken.
This 100-minute presentation by Peter Lindemann provides a detailed look at the history of thermodynamics and shows how energy use in our society is based entirely on an economic model, and not on physics. Specific examples are cited to illustrate the remarkable fact that energy need not be used once and thrown away. This understanding has profound implications for the future of technology.
Recorded at the 2013 Energy Science & Technology Conference. This video can be purchased from A&P Electronic Media.